Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS Quick Installation Guide
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Installation

The following instructions provide for a default installation of Ubuntu Server on modern UEFI-based computer hardware with a single internal storage device and a network interface with Internet connectivity. The instructions assume the installation media is either a USB storage device or optical disc.

  1. Boot the system from the Ubuntu Server installation media. The GNU GRUB bootloader will be displayed.
     
                                                        GNU GRUB  version 2.02
    
      ┌─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┐
      │*Install Ubuntu Server                                                                                                   │
      │ OEM install (for manufacturers)                                                                                         │
      │ Check disc for defects                                                                                                  │
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      └─────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
    
           Use the ↑ and ↓ keys to select which entry is highlighted.
           Press enter to boot the selected OS, `e' to edit the commands before booting or `c' for a command-line. ESC to
           return previous menu.
        The highlighted entry will be executed automatically in 5s.
    
    
    
  2. Select Install Ubuntu Server and press Enter, or wait for the five second selection timer to elapse. Ubuntu Server will boot, and shortly after the Welcome! screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Willkommen! Bienvenue! Welcome! Добро пожаловать! Welkom!                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   Please choose your preferred language
    
                                          English                                                              >
                                          Asturianu                                                            >
                                          Català                                                               >
                                          Hrvatski                                                             >
                                          Nederlands                                                           >
                                          Suomi                                                                >
                                          Deutsch                                                              >
                                          Ελληνικά                                                             >
                                          Magyar                                                               >
                                          Latviešu                                                             >
                                          Norsk bokmål                                                         >
                                          Polski                                                               >
                                          Русский                                                              >
                                          Español                                                              >
                                          Українська                                                           >
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
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                   Use UP, DOWN and ENTER keys to select your language.                                                                             
    
  3. Choose your preferred language, and press Enter. The Keyboard configuration screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Keyboard configuration                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   Please select your keyboard layout below, or select "Identify keyboard" to detect your layout automatically.
    
                    Layout:  (+) English (US)                                                                                        
    
    
                   Variant:  (+) English (US)                                                                                        
    
    
                                                                 [ Identify keyboard ]
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Done       ]
                                                                     [ Back       ]
    
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                   Use UP, DOWN and ENTER keys to select your keyboard.                                                                             
    
  4. Select your keyboard layout, select [ Done ], and press Enter. The Ubuntu 18.04 screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Ubuntu 18.04                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   Welcome to Ubuntu! The world's favourite platform for clouds, clusters, and amazing internet things. This is the  
                   installer for Ubuntu on servers and internet devices.
    
                     Install Ubuntu                                                                                                  >
                     Install MAAS bare-metal cloud (region)                                                                          >
                     Install MAAS bare-metal cloud (rack)                                                                            >
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Back       ]
    
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                   Use UP, DOWN arrow keys, and ENTER, to navigate options                                                                          
    
  5. Select Install Ubuntu and press Enter. The Network connections screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Network connections                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   Configure at least one interface this server can use to talk to other machines, and which preferably provides
                   sufficient access for updates.
    
             eth0     >  Will use DHCP for IPv4, currently has address: 192.168.1.100
                         Has no IPv6 configuration, currently has addresses: 2001:db8:85a3::8a2e:370:7334 fe80::1ff:fe23:4567:890a
                         00:15:5d:43:6a:33 (1G)
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Done       ]
                                                                     [ Back       ]
    
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                   Select an interface to configure it or select Done to continue                                                                   
    
  6. Select [ Done ] and press Enter to use the automatic network configuration. The Configure proxy screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Configure proxy                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   If this system requires a proxy to connect to the internet, enter its details here.
    
                   Proxy address:                                                                                                    
                                   If you need to use a HTTP proxy to access the outside world, enter the proxy information here.
                                   Otherwise, leave it blank.
    
                                   The proxy information should be given in the standard form of
                                   "http://[[user][:pass]@]host[:port]/".
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
      
    
                                                                     [ Done       ]
                                                                     [ Back       ]
    
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                   Select an interface to configure it or select Done to continue                                                                   
    
    If this system requires a proxy server to connect to the internet, you can enter its details at this screen.
  7. Select [ Done ] and press Enter. The Filesystem setup: Choose guided or manual partitioning screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Filesystem setup                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                         The installer can guide you through partitioning an entire disk or, if you prefer, you can do it
                         manually.
    
                         If you choose to partition an entire disk you will still have a chance to review and modify the
                         results.
    
                                                                 [ Use An Entire Disk ]
                                                                 [ Manual             ]
                                                                 [ Back               ]
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
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                   Choose guided or manual partitioning                                                                                             
    
  8. Select [ Use An Entire Disk ] and press Enter. The Filesystem setup: Choose the installation target screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Filesystem setup                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                         Choose the disk to install to:
    
                           360022480b3b1b58de0e6b59421e8f616           126.998G                                              >
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Cancel      ]
    
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                   Choose the installation target                                                                                                   
    
  9. Press Enter to choose the disk to install to. The Filesystem setup: Select available disks to format and mount screen will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Filesystem setup                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                    
    
       FILE SYSTEM SUMMARY
    
           MOUNT POINT       SIZE      TYPE     DEVICE
           /               126.498G    ext4     partition of local disk
           /boot/efi       512.000M    fat32    partition of local disk
    
       AVAILABLE DEVICES
    
           DEVICE                                         SIZE     TYPE
           360022480b3b1b58de0e6b59421e8f616            126.998G   local disk
             partition 1, fat32, /boot/efi              512.000M (0%)
             partition 2, ext4,  /                      126.498G (99%)
             Edit Partitions                        >
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Done        ]
                                                                     [ Reset       ]
                                                                     [ Back        ]
    
                                                                          6 / 9                                                                     
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Select available disks to format and mount                                                                                       
    
  10. Select [ Done ] and press Enter to accept the summary. A Confirm destructive action message will be displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Filesystem setup                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                    
    
       FILE SYSTEM SUMMARY
    
           MOUNT POINT       SIZE      TYPE     DEVICE
           /               126.498G    ext4     partition of local disk
           /boot/efi       512.000M    fat32    partition of local disk
    
       AVAILABLE DEVICES
    
           DEVICE                                         SIZE     TYPE
           360022480b3b1b58de0e6b59421e8f616            126.998G   local disk
             partition 1, fat32, /boot/efi              512.000M (0%)
             partition 2, ext4,  /                      126.498G (99%)
             Edit Partitions                        >
    
    
    
                                       ┌────────────────────── Confirm destructive action ──────────────────────┐ 
                                       │                                                                        │ 
                                       │  Selecting Continue below will begin the installation process and      │ 
                                       │  result in the loss of data on the disks selected to be formatted.     │ 
                                       │                                                                        │ 
                                       │  You will not be able to return to this or a previous screen once the  │ 
                                       │  installation has started.                                             │ 
                                       │                                                                        │ 
                                       │  Are you sure you want to continue?                                    │ 
                                       │                                                                        │ 
                                       │                             [ No          ]                            │ 
                                       │                             [ Continue    ]                            │ 
                                       │                                                                        │ 
                                       └────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘ 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Done        ]
                                                                     [ Reset       ]
                                                                     [ Back        ]
    
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                   Select available disks to format and mount                                                                                       
    
  11. Select [ Continue ] and press Enter. The installation process will begin in the background while the Profile setup screen is displayed.
                                                                                                                                                    
                   Profile setup                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   Enter the username and password (or ssh identity) you will use to log in to the system.
    
                               Your name:                                                                                            
    
    
                      Your server's name:                                                                                            
                                           The name it uses when it talks to other computers.
    
                         Pick a username:                                                                                            
    
    
                       Choose a password:                                                                                            
    
    
                   Confirm your password:                                                                                            
    
    
                     Import SSH identity:  (+) No                                                                                    
                                           You can import your SSH keys from Github or Launchpad.
    
                         Import Username:
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
                                                                     [ Done        ]
    
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                   Install in progress: starting...                                                                                                 
    
  12. From the Profile setup screen, perform each of the following actions:
    1. Type your full name in the Your name field;
    2. Type the server’s Name in the Your server's name field;
    3. Type your username in the Pick a username field;
    4. Type your password in the Choose a password field;
    5. Retype your password in the Confirm your password field; and
    6. Select [ Done ] and press Enter.

    The current installation progress will be displayed on the Installing system screen, which changes to the Installation complete! screen when the entire process is finished.

                                                                                                                                                    
                   Installation complete!                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                    
    
                   ┌─────────────────────────────────────────────── Finished install! ──────────────────────────────────────────────┐
                   │curtin command install                                                                                          │
                   │  preparing for installation                                                                                    │
                   │  configuring storage                                                                                           │
                   │    running 'c u r t i n   b l o c k - m e t a   c u s t o m'                                                   │
                   │      curtin command block-meta                                                                                 │
                   │        removing previous storage devices                                                                       │
                   │        configuring disk: disk-0                                                                                │
                   │        configuring partition: part-0                                                                           │
                   │        configuring partition: part-1                                                                           │
                   │        configuring format: fs-0                                                                                │
                   │        configuring format: fs-1                                                                                │
                   │        configuring mount: mount-1                                                                              │
                   │        configuring mount: mount-0                                                                              │
                   │  configuring network                                                                                           │
                   │    running 'curtin net-meta auto'                                                                              │
                   │      curtin command net-meta                                                                                   │
                   │  writing install sources to disk                                                                               │
                   │    running 'curtin extract'                                                                                    │
                   │      curtin command extract                                                                                    │
                   │        acquiring and extracting image from cp://media/filesystem                                               │
                   │  configuring installed system                                                                                  │
                   │    running 'curtin curthooks'                                                                                  │
                   │      curtin command curthooks                                                                                  │
                   │        configuring apt configuring apt                                                                         │
                   │        installing missing packages                                                                             │
                   │        installing kernel                                                                                       │
                   │        setting up swap                                                                                         │
                   │        apply network config                                                                                    │
                   │        writing etc/fstab                                                                                       │
                   │        configuring multipath                                                                                   │
                   │        updating packages on target system                                                                      │
                   │        configuring pollinate user-agent on target system                                                       │
                   │  finalizing installation                                                                                       │
                   │    running 'curtin hook'                                                                                       │
                   │      curtin command hook                                                                                       │
                   │  executing late commands                                                                                       │ 
                   │                                                                                                                │
                   │                                                                                                                │
                   │                                                                                                                │
                   │                                                                                                                │
                   │                                                                                                                │
                   │                                                                                                                │
                   └────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────────┘
    
                                                                   [ View full log ]
                                                                   [ Reboot Now    ]
    
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                   Thank you for using Ubuntu!                                                                                                      
    
  13. Select [ Reboot Now ] and press Enter.
    Ubuntu Server will shutdown and display the following message:

    Please remove the installation medium, then press ENTER:
  14. Ensure the Ubuntu Server installation media has been removed, and press Enter.
    The system will reboot.
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Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS Quick Installation Guide

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